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  Canvas 6™ Technical Manual Project
Part 3C - Build The Document

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Canvas provides a means to view non-printing (invisible) characters. Two of these we are interested in are those that represent a new paragraph and a "soft" return (carriage return).
A new paragraph is produced by pressing "Enter" and is represented by a cnvcr.gif symbol. It is also known as a "carriage return", "hard return" or "end of paragraph" symbol.
A soft return is produced by pressing "Shift-Enter" and is represented by a cnvlf.gif symbol. It is also known as a "line feed ".

Pay attention to the number of carriage returns and line feeds. They determine the appearance of paragraph spacing to a large extent.

You can view these symbols by clicking Layout > Display > Show Text Invisibles. This is an important tool for checking and correcting the appearance of the text. Always check this and your leading first before applying an unusual solution like shifting the baseline.

A paragraph in a page layout program is not the same as a grammatical paragraph. In page layout programs paragraphs are separated by carriage returns. When paragraph styles are applied, the style formatting will apply to all text subsequent to a carriage return.

lightbulbt.gif   Tip: A good habit to get into is to use carriage returns to separate areas in the body copy where there will be changes in style formatting. Canvas is extremely flexible and allows local formatting without requiring the use of carriage returns wherever there are style changes. Too much use of local formatting makes it hard to use paragraph styles.

18. In this tutorial you'll have to type the heads and subheads to break up the body text. Start by typing the text for the chapter head and topic subhead.


19. Highlight the chapter head text then change the text formatting to 30 points, bold with 30 points of  leading. Then apply kerning by tightening the character spacing by 1 point.

Note: QuarkXPress™ users will probably be more acquainted with the typographical term "tracking" which is used to describe the overall spacing between letters . The term "kerning" usually applies to specific letter pairs as defined in the font itself.


20. Shown below is the Text Ruler which is used to apply the text formatting. Alternately, you can use the Type palette.


21. Next highlight the subhead.


22. Apply text formatting of 24 points, bold, and leave the leading at 14 points.


Note: Although this appears to contradict the earlier tip made where the leading should be set to the point size of the type, the subheads are usually only a single line of text. Using the same leading for all the body text and subheads will make the overall spacing a little easier. If this style setting was intended for multiple lines of text, it would have been set to 24 points.

23. While the subhead text is still highlighted, create a paragraph style from the formatting. In the Type palette, click the "Styles" tab then click the "Create" button. In the dialog enter "Subhead" for the style name, then click "Save".

cnvtech085m.gif cnvtech086m.gif

lightbulbt.gif   Tip: Canvas makes it very easy to setup styles. All you have to do is select text and format it  the way you want. Then simply open the Type palette and in the "Styles" tab click the "Create" button. At that point all you have to do is give your new style a name.

24. Continue to enter subheads and apply the new "Subhead" style to them as you go. To apply the style, simply place the text insertion point in the subhead text and click the "Subhead" style from the pulldown on the Type palette:


25. Alternately, click the Styles mode button on the Text Ruler and apply the "Subhead" style from there.


26. Click Layout > Display > Show Text Invisibles. Shown below is a view of page one with all the carriage returns and line feeds along with all the text formatting. By showing all the invisible characters you can see exactly how it was made.


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